So I have been reviewing knot theory especially skein relations, SU(2) recoupling theory and Lieb-Temperley algebra. And reviewing my old sagemath calculations which I’ve written up as a paper and will post as an eprint on arXiv.
In this paper the authors present an explicit computation of matrix elements of the hamiltonian constraint operator in non-perturbative quantum gravity. They look at the euclidean term of Thiemann’s version of the constraint and compute its action on trivalent states, for all its natural orderings. The calculation is performed using
graphical techniques from the recoupling theory of colored knots and links. They give the matrix elements of the Hamiltonian constraint operator in the spin network basis in compact algebraic form.
Thiemann’s Hamiltonian constraint operator.
The Hamiltonian constraint of general relativity can be written as
The first term in the right hand side of defines
the hamiltonian constraint for gravity with euclidean signature – accordingly, is called the euclidean hamiltonian constraint.
For trivalent gauge-invariant vertices, (r, p, q) denotes the
colours associated to the edges I, J,K of a vertex v and we have:
where i = 1, 2 for the two orderings studied. The explicit values of the matrix elements and are:
And then checked the resulting calculations against the values tabulated in the paper.
here we can see A1 and A2 values corresponding to the values of :
My Sage Mathematics Software code produces precisely the numerical values of A1 and A2 as indicated in the figure above.
From the point of view of my own research this is great and I can be confident in the robustness of my coding techniques. I will continue working through papers on the matrix elements of the LQG Hamiltonian constraints coding up the analyses working towards coding the full hamiltonian constraint and curvature reviewed in the posts:
- Matrix Elements of Lorentzian Hamiltonian Constraint in LQG by Alesci,Liegener and Zipfel (quantumtetrahedron.wordpress.com)
- A curvature operator for LQG by Alesci, Assanioussi and Lewandowski (quantumtetrahedron.wordpress.com)
- 252(4): Development of the Spin Orbit Hamiltonian (drmyronevans.wordpress.com)
- Noether’s theorem, and the conservation laws for the Euler equations (terrytao.wordpress.com)
- A not so easy piece: introducing the wave equation (readingpenrose.wordpress.com)